Efficiency Evaluation of European Countries Based on Case Fatality Rate of COVID-19 Using Data Envelopment Analysis


  • Ali Yousfat Spatial and Entrepreneurial Development Studies Laboratory, University of Adrar
  • Katima BAHAJI Spatial Development and Entrepreneurship Studies Laboratory, University of Adrar, Algeria.
  • Shikh SAWS Spatial Development and Entrepreneurship Studies Laboratory, University of Adrar, Algeria.




COVID-19 pandemic, Data Envelopment Analysis, Evaluate the efficiency, European countries, Case fatality rate


The COVID-19 pandemic appeared in China on 31 December 2019, and it spread fast in every part of the world, especially, in European countries like Italy and France, consequently, the search for a resolution to this pandemic in all these countries should also be taken into account.

The current study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of European Countries based on the case fatality rate of COVID-19, The sample spans 30 countries, the analysis made recourse to Data Envelopment Analysis, the study used population density and total cases as input indicators and case fatality rate (CFR) as output indicator. The results demonstrate that of 30 countries analyzed, only 6 proved efficient. The average efficiency of inefficient countries is 0.372. Greece achieved the least efficiency rate compared to other European countries. The highest case fatality rate has been registered in Belgium, the lowest case fatality rate has been registered in Monaco. We engaged in a year-long battle with a virus that has destroyed this world, that has caused pain, loss, and frustration and that has cost so many lives.


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How to Cite

Yousfat, A., BAHAJI, .K. and SAWS, S. 2022. Efficiency Evaluation of European Countries Based on Case Fatality Rate of COVID-19 Using Data Envelopment Analysis. International Journal of Business and Social Science Research. 3, 12 (Dec. 2022), 15–22. DOI:https://doi.org/10.47742/ijbssr.v3n12p3.