International Journal of Business and Social Science Research <p>The <strong>International Journal of Business and Social </strong><strong>Science</strong><strong> Research (IJBSSR)</strong> is a double-blind, peer-reviewed scholarly journal devoted to exchanging the academic researchers and professional findings on all aspects of business, economics, and social science.</p> <p>This is an open access journal publishes monthly on the premise that there is a rising need to more proficiently manage and distribute scholastic concepts and research results in the academic and professional community without undue delay generally encountered in the journal editing process. The journal is operated by a globally oriented editorial board.</p> en-US <p><a href=""><img src="" alt="" width="88" height="31" /></a> </p> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ul> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work concurrently licensed under <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into distinct, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book) with an acknowledgement of its early publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are allowed and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to prolific exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (Refer to <a href="">The Effect of Open Access</a>). </li> </ul> (MD. MAFUJUR RAHAMAN) (MD. IBRAHIM KHALIL) Fri, 20 Aug 2021 07:09:26 +0000 OJS 60 Cultural and Historical Preservation through Onomastic Materials: A Case of Toponyms and Anthroponyms in Kinyarwanda <p>Proper names, also linguistically called toponyms and anthroponyms, embed extensive sociolinguistic, cultural, and historical aspects in the life of any nation. Thus, they have caught the researcher’s attention because of the cultural and historical heritage they preserve in the context of language contact. From one place to another, and one specific period to another, anthroponyms and toponyms offer a wide range of research because of the scientific curiosity researchers have as to know why the name of a person or place exists, where it comes from, who named it, and when it was named so. In other words, the research is carried within spatial and temporal scope. Anthroponymy is the study of proper names of human beings, both individual and collective, while toponymy is the study of proper names of places.</p> <p>This paper aims at showing how place and person names embed cultural and historical features necessary to understand, explain, and preserve a people’s culture and history for a given period. The method used to research this topic is descriptive and it is based on the materials observed from various sources such as street names, hoardings, individual names, just to name a few.</p> <p>Therefore, this study focuses on specific topologies and periods, i.e. names denoting locations where the Rwandan territory has extended in the precolonial, colonial, postcolonial periods, and post-genocide periods.</p> Jacques Lwaboshi Kayigema Copyright (c) 2021 Fri, 20 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000