Union Leaders' language during conflict: Does gender matter?


  • Charles Keim MacEwan University
  • Yonatan Reshef University of Alberta




iscourse, gender, conflict, public sector, unions, leadership


We analyze the language used by two consecutive British Columbia Teachers’ Federation (BCTF) presidents, Susan Lambert and Jim Iker, during two collective bargaining sessions that pitted the BCTF against the British Columbia (BC) government and the British Columbia Public School Employers’ Association (BCPSEA). Our study analyzes how gender language differences if they indeed exist, are manifested during critical moments that require strong leadership. Language is a critical resource for leaders, who use it to define issues, assign motives and inspire action, and portray themselves as people of power and consequence. Both women and men can employ a variety of linguistic strategies and the linguistic decisions that male and female leaders make provide a window onto if and how gender may be manifested by those in power and how they use language to present themselves as effective leaders. In this paper, we explore whether and how gender influences the linguistic choices of a male and female union leader during times of conflict.


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Author Biography

Yonatan Reshef, University of Alberta

Yonatan Reshef is the former chair of the Department of Strategic Management at the University of Alberta. He has published extensively on pulbic sector unions during times of conflict. 


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How to Cite

Keim, C., & Reshef, Y. . (2021). Union Leaders’ language during conflict: Does gender matter?. International Journal of Business and Social Science Research, 2(6), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.47742/ijbssr.v2n6p1



Research Article